Innovation in the Financial Sector (FinTech): Paradigms, Causes, Effects and Perspectives

cybersecurity, Digital Operational Resilience, disruptive technologies and technological innovations, innovative business models, systemic risks


  • Ruxandra RÎMNICEANU (Primary Contact)
    National Bank of Romania, Bucharest, Romania


The changes and evolution of the international and domestic financial-banking system, in the context of globalization, after the financial crisis of 2008, determined the emergence of global, virtual banks, megabanks, financial groups that use disruptive technologies and technological innovations. The first FinTech Action Plan (technology-based innovation in the field of financial services or financial technological innovations) of the European Union mark, as well, the first step circumscribed to the EU Digital Finance Strategy, in order to allow the expansion of innovative business models, but without forgetting to strengthen cyber security and to increase the degree of integrity of the financial system. In this context, however, it is important to take into account the variety of the institutions and the technologies in the countries participating in the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), because the FinTech banks capture the different activities of the credit institutions in different jurisdictions to be closer to the customers and the investors and, in the same time, to expand the area of supervision of the problems related to the emergence of FinTech, because they exceed a sector of the economy or a geographical area and involves multiple financial-banking supervisory and regulatory institutions, belonging to various sectors.