Exploring a Diplomatic System of Cooperation in the Cyber Space through a Proposed Cyber Diplomacy Cooperation Framework

Cyber Diplomacy, Cybersecurity, Framework


  • Natalia BELL
    nbell@marymount.edu (Primary Contact)
    Marymount University, Arlington, Virginia 22207, United States of America
  • Alex MBAZIIRA Marymount University, Arlington, Virginia 22207, United States of America


Cyberattacks are on the rise, and cyber weapons are the main tools used in modern warfare. All these occurrences are changing the nature of traditional diplomacy, contributing to developing new avenues for Cyber Diplomacy. The world's leading nations have realized the importance of establishing a diplomatic system of collaboration in the cyber sphere to facilitate bilateral relationships between nations and cooperation in cyberspace in already-established alliances such as NATO, the United Nations, and regional trade associations. Multiple studies have discussed and detailed the concept of "cyber diplomacy" and the diplomatic behavior associated with it; however, few of these analyses have sought to distinguish the "cyber diplomacy" concept from the more traditional and well-known concept of "diplomacy." The scope of this proposal is to create a Cyber Diplomacy Cooperation Framework which will bring together conventional elements of diplomacy and cutting-edge cybersecurity mechanisms. As cyber warfare concerns are growing, nations need a normative cyber diplomacy framework that can be adapted by countries to prevent cyber-crises and engage more nations in the discussion.